Joan Miró

Biography

Joan Miró, born in Barcelona in 1912, is internationally acclaimed as a vanguard of the Modern Art era. Miró trained at the Barcelona School of Fine Arts and then at the academy of Francisco Galí, which was known as an “anti-academic academy.” This experience fostered his interest in the avant garde and the expression of non-figurative art.

Miró moved to Paris in 1920 and was quickly accepted into the Surrealist camp. Reproductions of his paintings appeared in Surrealist publications after 1925. However, despite his connections to contemporary movements such as Surrealism and Dadaism, Miró never claimed membership to any particular artistic group. Miró maintained an original aesthetic in his paintings, by exploiting artistic accidents and allowing his images to come from the unconscious. He saw art as an exploratory process, not considering the curvilinear forms and lines in his paintings to be manifestations of abstraction.

Miró’s early graphic works, produced around 1930, display this same combination of precision and spontaneity through the use of free flowing lines, splattered ink, and color. Becoming a master of lithography, Miró experimented with shape, form, and color. In the 1940's, Miró created some of his most recognizable works in his Barcelona Series, a portfolio of fifty lithographs that were created using lithographic transfer paper and sandpaper to create a textured look.

Over the course of his career, Miró painted, sculpted, worked in ceramics, produced mosaics, murals, and illustrated over 300 books as well as mastering other printing techniques such as aquatints, drawings, drypoints, and etchings. Miró had a long, prolific career, working up until his death in 1983, at age ninety. Joan Miró’s art is included in the collections of many museums and galleries worldwide, including, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The Modern Museum of Art, New York; The National Gallery, Washington, D.C.; National Museum of Art, Tokyo; Tate Modern, London.