Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Málaga, Spain. Forging himself a leading role in the twentieth-century art scene, Picasso proved his genius in a myriad of media that includes painting, sculpture, collage, and printmaking. He initially focused on intaglio processes of printing such as etching and drypoint, and later experimented with lithographs and linocuts. Picasso achieved highly original results by altering techniques to suite his creative needs, leading to his immense popularity as an illustrator.
The commission to illustrate the cover of the magazine Minotaure planted the seed for the creation of one of the most important prints in Picasso’s oeuvre, Minotauromachie, a 1935 etching that provided much of the imagery used in his famous Guernica. The classical theme of the minotaur became a leitmotif throughout all of his artwork; one example is the well-known Vollard Suite from the 1930’s. As in his paintings, Picasso addressed politics in his prints, harshly critiquing the repressive Franco dictatorship in The Dream and Lie of Franco. While much of Picasso’s artwork in general bordered on abstraction through cubism, his prints remain mainly figural and imbued with allegorical references.
Picasso’s works can be found in collections worldwide, including The Hermitage, St. Petersburg; Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel; Musee National Picasso, Paris; Museu Picasso, Barcelona; The Museum of Modern Art; New York, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid; The Tate Gallery, London.